Biosecurity used to expand commodity vannamei shrimp farming.

Countries where regulations are in place that now don’t allow farmers to grow local shrimp species !

……only allowed to grow SPF vannamei.

Saudi Arabia & South Korea.

Supposedly because local species are susceptible to diseases and not SPF.

Neat barrier to entry supporting monoculture SPF technology. Using the OIE.

This is not so good for biodiversity surely – a hot current market and global discussion.