Save energy – these are not fish. 40+ years prawn DO testing…optimal range for growth and survival to 20g is 4-6 mg/ml…

Dissolved Oxygen in estuaries, where there is an abundance of benthic detritus eating vannamei, sits around 5 mg/ml.

In shrimp ponds the range is from 2-10 – due, not to shrimp, but algae and bacterial respiration diurnally.

Best DO range for shrimp growth and survival is 4-6 mg/ml.p

Prawn feed digestion is closely linked to bacterial microbiome in pond and in gut – something to be considered on in monitoring…

Monitoring methods of feeding behaviour to answer key questions in penaeid shrimp feeding

Prawn – the harder they bite. Importance of Zinc to arthropod “teeth” and chitin mandibles….

https://www.pnnl.gov/news-media/how-ant-teeth-cut-scalpel