Vannamei shrimp origin.
Parallel to building a commercial shrimp hatchery in Mexico small scale trials were undertaken.
In 1989 females were artificially inseminated. Spawned and hatched eggs raised with specific and proprietary survival-of-the-fittest technology.
Resultant trial of 16,000 PL’s were sent in 1989 to APL – Dr Lightner at University of Arizona.
PL’s declared SPF by APL. US borders closed and all stocks in USA destroyed.
In 1990 with shrimp hatchery in full operation produced its first batch of 10 million PL’s were not allowed to enter USA for stocking Laguna Madre shrimp farm in Texas as borders closed and USA declared only country to have SPF vannamei shrimp.